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Chemical Composition And Phytochemical Screening Of Ficus Exasperata (vahl) Leaf

 
  (Vol. 6 Number 1) by Nimenibo-uadia, Rachel  
     
 



Ficus exasperata Vahl leaf is a potent ethno-medicine in Ubiaja, Edo State, Nigeria, where it
is used in treating diabetic persons. This study evaluates its chemical composition and screens
its aqueous extract for phytochemicals using standard methods. Proximate analysis revealed a high
level of ash (13.76) in g% dry weight suggestive of a reasonably good source of minerals.
Others were crude fibre (12.50), crude protein (11.38), crude fat (2.10), while moisture content
was 57.20 g% wet weight. Preliminary phytochemical screening showed the presence of tannins, flavonoids,
alkaloids, anthraquinones, steroids and cardiac glycosides, though the frothing test failed to reveal the
presence of saponins. The results support the folkloric use of Ficus exasperata leaf as a therapeutic agent and potential source of novel drugs.
KEY WORDS: Ficus exasperata, proximate analysis, phytochemicals.


 
     
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